Wheels Turning at Mobile Home Parks in O.c.

Among the residents of Sierra Mobile Homes Estates, Gerie Kirkpatrick is known as the Rose Lady.In front of the blue-and-white home that Kirkpatrick and her husband bought in 1982, she cultivates 18 rose bushes that bloom in yellow, pink and white. Scissors hang from a small wooden sign hand-painted with the words, "Help yourself to a rose." Her neighbors at the 230-home park often do--and no one steals the scissors.Kirkpatrick, now a widow and retired, owns her Huntington Beach mobile home, but she doesn't own the rose garden. And because of escalating rental rates for spaces in the park, she says, keeping the home itself is becoming difficult."We thought we did such a smart thing when we moved in here, thinking it was a good, affordable place to retire," Kirkpatrick said. "Then we were hit with rent increases. People are walking away from their trailers, and they are going back to the banks." Advertisement The rent on Kirkpatrick's space in Sierra Mobile Homes Estates has climbed to $488 a month from $220 six years ago, she said. That is in addition to her monthly payment of $429 on her home. Squeezed by such increases, a growing number of California's mobile home dwellers, estimated to total more than 1 million, say they are being forced out.Facing that prospect, many are taking advantage of state laws that encourage them to band together and buy the property on which their homes sit. Besides gaining control of rental rates, residents who own their parks can set policies and regulations, pool their money to improve common areas and build equity that they can cash in if they decide to sell their mobile homes.Local governments are getting involved, too, especially in urban areas like Orange and Los Angeles counties, to preserve mobile home parks as affordable housing for elderly people such as Kirkpatrick who live on fixed incomes and for young, lower-income families.California's mobile home population has changed dramatically in the past 30 years. During the 1960s, most park residents were elderly people who bought homes for as little as $15,000, often paying cash for them after retiring and selling conventional houses. Advertisement During the real estate boom of the 1980s, working families priced out of the housing market began moving into the parks. Driven by consumer demand, mobile home prices soared.In the economic downturn and housing industry slump that followed, however, many of those working people lost their jobs. At the same time, the value of their mobile homes sank because of depreciation and the real estate decline. Homes for which families had paid between $50,000 and $80,000 were bringing only $20,000 to $30,000 as resales, according to the Manufactured Housing Educational Trust, a trade group based in Orange County.At the same time, rent on spaces in parks began increasing. Sites that rented for $250 a month in the mid-1980s now range as high as $1,000 in coastal areas and average about $500, according to the trade group.As early as 1986, the state launched a program that made low-interest loans available to park residents. Of the estimated 4,000 mobile home parks in California, only about 120 so far have converted to resident-owned parks--knows as ROPs. But interest is increasing sharply, said John Tennyson, chief consultant with the state Senate Select Committee on Mobile Homes."Rents are going to continue to go up," said Tennyson, whose committee has published a pamphlet titled Guide to Mobilehome Park Purchases by Residents. "That's the biggest issue driving the trend toward park ownership."This month, an intergovernmental agency created by the California State Assn. of Counties and the League of California Cities will mail out brochures for a new program called "MuniHome." Under the program, the agency, which has sold various types of bonds since the 1980s, will offer tax-exempt revenue bonds for cities, counties or nonprofit groups such as mobile home residents who can then use the proceeds to buy the parks. New York investment bank Lazard Freres & Co. has been chosen to sell the bonds, which will be paid off with park operating revenue."We want to help cities and counties who are interested in preserving existing low-income housing stock," said Dan Harrison, assistant director with the cities league in Sacramento. "It's a tough decision for a city or county to acquire a mobile home park. We're not saying they should. But if they make that decision, we want to help them do it well."Beyond seeking to ensure affordable housing, local governments are sometimes getting into the mobile home park market after being drawn into disputes between park owners and tenants. Advertisement In the Ventura County, which has 23,136 mobile home residents, the Santa Paula City Council was besieged two years ago by angry tenants who alleged rent gouging by park owners. City voters subsequently passed a measure that tightened rent-control laws already in effect. But the owner of one mobile home park then sued the city, alleging that the new regulations interfered with his ability to make a profit.James Taylor, owner of the Santa Paula West Mobilehome Park, withdrew his lawsuit after agreeing to sell the property to the residents for $9.2 million. The city has agreed to supply housing redevelopment bond money, but the purchase has not been finalized because park residents say the price is too high.Interest by either a city or a residents' group in buying a park does not guarantee a done deal. In some cases, park owners are simply not interested in selling.Gene Pica, an owner of Sierra Mobile Home Estates where Kirkpatrick lives, said the Huntington Beach property is profitable, and "our rents are right where they should be. We're just a mile and a half from the ocean.""If we do sell, we'll give them first choice," Pica said of the park's residents, who have formed a nonprofit group, the Sierra Residents Corp. State law, in fact, requires park owners to notify residents first before putting the property up for sale.But for now, Pica said, "we're just not selling."Other park owners complain that tenant groups who want to buy them out are either poorly organized or cannot obtain financing."The ideal buyer is the tenant," said Richard Hall, a Costa Mesa businessman who is a part-owner of Orange County's largest mobile home park: the 29-acre Treasure Island Mobile Home Park on the oceanfront at Laguna Beach. "But they don't have their act together." Advertisement Other park owners say they feel pressured to sell once residents announce their interest in buying."I think if an owner wants to sell to the residents, that's fine, but they shouldn't be forced to," said Norman McAdoo, a partner with Busch, Carr, McAdoo in Garden Grove, which owns five mobile home parks in Orange County. "Everyone wants to live in Orange County--it's California's paradise. (Park) residents are complaining about rents, but nowhere else in Orange County could you get a decent place to live for those prices."Such different viewpoints can be an obstacle when residents sit down to negotiate a purchase, said Gerald Gibbs, a lawyer with Gibbs, Dunham & Gibbs. The firm, based in San Clemente, specializes in resident-owned parks."In many parks, the residents are pitted against the owners over issues like rent and rent control," he said. The owners "resent the fact that these homeowners have banded together and screamed and yelled and got the city to go along with them in terms of financing."Despite the obstacles, at least two Orange County cities, Garden Grove and La Habra, have already bought mobile home parks with money raised by issuing a total of $35 million in tax-exempt bonds.In Los Angeles County, which has nearly 105,000 mobile home dwellers, the city of Lancaster has used redevelopment funds to purchase two parks and is negotiating to buy several more of the 33 parks within the city limits.Several deals have been completed in recent months, too, by nonprofit residents' groups. In December, for example, the 268 dwellers in the Bayside Village Mobile Home Park in Newport Beach purchased a 279-slip marina and the 56 acres under their homes from the Irvine Co. for $12 million.Other park purchases are being negotiated. In January, mobile home owners in Lake Forest asked that city to co-sign a $6-million loan so they can buy the lease on Kimberly Gardens Mobile Home Park, where 1,300 people live.Industry consultants and even park owners foresee an increasing number of the state's mobile home communities being run as nonprofit entities."The whole status of mobile home parks in California is going to change in the next decade, with most of them becoming owned by tenants and cities," said Laguna Beach park owner Hall. "Thirty years ago it was a good idea to buy your mobile home and set it up on someone else's land. That's not true today."Indeed, though the name "mobile home" suggests otherwise, owners cannot simply move to a new park where rents are lower, lawyer Gibbs said."The industry has changed since 1955--it's not Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz hooking up their trailer to their car," he said. "These things don't move today. Some have stucco walls and tile roofs."That is all the more incentive for park dwellers to become landowners. Homeowner Kirkpatrick, who paid $42,000 for her home, says she has spent at least $15,000 on improvements. She estimates that she could sell her home, though, for no more than $25,000, partly because the value of mobile homes has depreciated rapidly in the Southern California real estate downturn.David Hennessy, president of the Golden State Mobile Homeowners League in Garden Grove, said Orange County, which has more than 53,000 mobile home residents, is especially ripe for purchase by park dwellers. The reasons are high housing costs in general and a lack of any form of rent control, said Hennessy, whose nonprofit group represents 100,000 mobile home owners in California.Still, park owners' groups question the fairness of state and local backing for purchase of parks by residents."Should a city make a gift of public funds to help a couple of hundred people buy property?" asked Vickie M. Talley, executive director of the Orange County Manufactured Housing Educational Trust, a mobile home park owners association. "Just like any other homeowner, they should have to come up with the down payment and make the payments."Consultant Tennyson of the state Senate Select Committee on Mobile Homes argues that park residents, though, are in a special situation. Mobile homes are the only affordable housing available to many lower-income people, he said, and thus should be protected."Mobile homes are something the state should be involved in," he said. "Many of these people are seniors on fixed income. If they are economically forced out of their homes, they will end up on the streets, and the taxpayers will eventually be supporting them."Among mobile home residents who have succeeded in buying their parks, the consensus is that they made a wise decision.Ben Hetherington, 64, a former Pasadena police officer who owns a mobile home in the Shorecliffs park in San Clemente, said he and his neighbors are delighted with their $12.8-million purchase, completed in September, 1992.Each resident obtained a separate bank loan to buy his or her individual parcel of land, and now the 192-home park operates much like a condominium association. It is governed by a seven-member board of directors, of which Hetherington is one."You don't pay rent, you control your own park, and you have a say in what work is to be done," Hetherington said. "You don't have to go to someone else and ask for something. We have the security to know we can stay here and control our future."Profile of Mobile Home Parks* Number of parks in Orange County: 214* History: The majority were built during the 1960s and '70s. The county's newest park was built 10 years ago. Most are on leased land.* Typical space rental fee: $375 to $500 a month* Average price for a new mobile home: $50,000* Average resale price: Varies widely according to condition and location. Recent sales ranged from $8,500 to $89,900, with an average of $37,700.* Glossary: Trailer parks offer little more than a space to park a travel trailer. Mobile-home parks are larger communities with more space between homes and feature recreation facilities such as pools, open spaces and sites for organized activities.HOW MANY PEOPLE LIVE IN MOBILE HOMES?According to the 1990 census, 3.6% of Orange County's population lived in mobile homes. In inland counties, the rate is much higher. Riverside had the most in Southern California, with 15.4%.Mobile-home Percent of County population total population Orange 53,019 3.6% Los Angeles 104,985 1.8 Riverside 131,338 15.4 San Bernardino 76,829 7.9 Ventura 23,136 5.3 San Diego 83,132 4.9ANAHEIM, SANTA ANA HAVE MORE MOBILE HOMESMobile home units in Orange County by city: City: Number Anaheim: 4,304 Brea: 894 Buena Park: 317 Costa Mesa: 1,303 Cypress: 373 Dana Point: 260 Fountain Valley: 395 Fullerton: 790 Garden Grove: 1,944 Huntington Beach: 3,200 Irvine: 968 Laguna Beach: 451 Laguna Hills: 2 Laguna Niguel: 4 La Habra: 765 Lake Forest: 1,228 La Palma: 3 Los Alamitos: 115 Mission Viejo: 7 Newport Beach: 947 Orange: 1,214 Placentia: 537 San Clemente: 423 San Juan Capistrano: 1,212 Santa Ana: 3,830 Seal Beach: 128 Stanton: 1,394 Tustin: 702 Villa Park: 1 Westminster: 2,917 Yorba Linda: 302 Unincorporated areas: 1,024 County total: 31,954Sources: Manufactured Housing Educational Trust; California Multiple Listings Service; California Department of FinanceResearched by JANICE L. JONES / Los Angeles Times

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Let's Talk About the Application of Thermal Conductive Silica Gel in LED Lighting Industry
Thermal conductive silica gel sheet is a widely used thermal conductive interface material. It is in the form of sheet, high pressure shrinkage, high reliability, high temperature resistance, excellent thermal conductivity and insulation, with viscosity on the surface, simple and convenient construction. It can be die-cut and punched according to the size and shape of heating devices.Heat conductive silica gel sheet is a kind of heat conductive medium material made by calendering with silica gel as the base material and adding various auxiliary materials such as metal oxides. It is usually called heat conductive gasket, heat conductive silica gel gasket, heat conductive silicon film, soft heat conductive gasket, heat conductive silica gel pad, etc. it is specially produced for the design scheme of using the gap to transfer heat and can fill the gap, It not only completes the heat transfer between the heating part and the heat dissipation part, but also plays the roles of insulation, shock absorption and sealing. It can meet the design requirements of miniaturization and ultra-thin equipment. It is a good heat conduction filling material with manufacturability and usability, and has a wide range of thickness and Application.Led thermal conductive silicon film is mainly used between aluminum substrate and heat sink, between aluminum substrate and shell, etc. Today, we mainly introduce the successful application of thermal conductive silica gel sheet in LED industry: there are many kinds of LED lamps. For indoor LED lamps, thermal conductive silica gel sheet with relatively low thermal conductivity is generally used, which can reduce the cost of the product and meet the needs of the product itself. For some outdoor high-power LED lamps, such as street lamps, the power is much higher than other indoor lamps, In order to better heat dissipation of lamps and improve the service life of lamps, thermal conductive silica gel sheets with relatively high thermal conductivity are generally used.The inherent viscosity of the heat-conducting silica gel sheet facilitates the construction. If the customer needs the heat-conducting silica gel sheet to have strong viscosity to replace the screw fixation, he can also choose to give one-sided or double-sided adhesive backing to the heat-conducting silica gel sheet. If the heat-conducting silica gel sheet needs to lock the screw, please remember to choose the heat-conducting silica gel sheet containing glass fiber cloth, which has the properties of anti puncture and anti tear. In short, the heat conductive silica gel sheet can be customized according to customer requirements to meet customer needs. It can be die-cut and punched according to the size and shape of heating devices.
7 Tips to Help You Sell Your Farm Fresh Eggs for More Money
The continuing trend of raising backyard chickens has had an unintended negative effect on those selling their extra eggs. Due to a steady supply of fresh eggs from backyard flocks and small local farms at markets, roadside stands and feed stores, egg prices are being kept artificially low. But there are some things you can do to help you sell your fresh eggs for a bit more money. When you begin to calculate your expenses - including egg cartons, labels, business cards, feed, supplements, supplies, the chickens themselves, plus their coop and run, not to mention a little something for your time, and gas to get to the market - it's often hard to sell a dozen eggs for a high enough price to simply break even. Many times, local eggs are sold for about the same price as store-bought eggs, despite being fresher and more nutritious AND laid by happy hens. And when you sell your eggs, you are not only competing against the low grocery-store prices, but also against other local sellers. Studies have shown that buyers will more likely make a purchase when you engage more than one of their senses. So by enticing potential shoppers' sense of touch, sight, sound and possibly even taste, you have a better chance at making that sale. Here are some tips to engage the senses, get your eggs to stand out from the crowd and possibly even fetch a premium price. If you are selling at a farmers' market or fair, crack an egg into a bowl to show potential buyers how great your eggs look. Eggs from chickens that eat a lot of herbs, grass and weeds will naturally have more vibrant yolks and look fresher than store-bought eggs from caged chickens. But you can bump up the wow factor of your chickens' egg yolks even more by feeding foods high in xanthophyll, a carotenoid with a naturally orange pigment. Some foods rich in xanthophyll include basil, carrots, corn, marigolds, parsley, pumpkin, red cabbage and the leaves of most green plants. Adding a pop of color to your cartons can entice buyers to your table. Raise some chickens that lay blue, green or cream-colored eggs to create some eye candy in your cartons! Chicken eggs can be a dime a dozen because of the large supply available, but there are other types of poultry that lay eggs. Duck eggs are larger than chicken eggs and thought to be to be better for baking due to their higher fat content. Tiny quail eggs are considered a delicacy and are often pickled or used by five-star chefs to top burgers or salads due to their smaller size and relative rarity. There might also be a market for turkey and goose eggs in your area - and you will likely be able to set your own price. Studies show that someone is more likely to purchase an item if they have touched or held it. Consider putting out a basket of eggs on your table and handing an egg to anyone who stops at your table. Give out free samples - let people take home an egg to try it for themselves. Hopefully, that will compel them to come back the next week to buy - if they do not buy a dozen eggs on the spot. Make your packaging unique. Instead of simply packaging your eggs in cartons and stacking them on the table, why not tie a pretty ribbon or some baker's twine around the carton and attach a wildflower or sprig of herbs? Maybe even tuck a simple egg recipe in. Or fill large baskets or metal pails with eggs and let your buyers hand select a dozen to put in their carton. And do not forget to pass out business cards. Sending each customer away with your contact information is a must to make it easy for them to locate you when they are ready to reorder. Studies have shown that chickens raised on pasture produce more nutritious eggs than chickens that never see the light of day or step foot on grass. Pasture-raised chickens have access to a more diverse diet, including a variety of forages and insects, which can lead to increased levels of vitamins A and E and omega-3 fatty acids. Other studies have shown that chickens raised on grass lay eggs that are lower in cholesterol than those raised on a commercial feed-only diet. Share this information with your potential customers by printing out a nutritional comparison on cards or handouts that they can take home with them - and be sure the handout has your contact information on it too! If possible, play a recording of chickens softly clucking with an occasional rooster crowing at your booth. The sound of happy chickens in the background will work to engage yet another sense and hopefully give your buyers the urge to bring home some farm fresh eggs! And back to sight for a minute, photographs of your chickens or a large poster showing them happily roaming a field can help reinforce the positive image of your farm and your eggs - you are putting faces and even names to the producers! Using a little creativity will give you a leg up on your competition and hopefully fetch higher prices for your delicious, fresh eggs! Also check your state Department of Agriculture's egg laws or cottage-food regulations, so you are aware of egg grading, handling and storing requirements, rules about the reuse of cartons and carton labeling regulations - including the use of such terms as organic, free-range and pasture-raised. Your local extension service should be able to point you in the right direction to get that information or you can find it online. Egg laws vary state by state.Where do they sell jacuzzi?Jacuzzis R us Sells pretty good ones ay low prices Or craigslist Has one for free in LA Go quick
Need Help Finding Kitchen Items and Sofa?
The daybed and the island appear custom made to me. Any of the kitchen redesigners should be able to replicate the island without difficulty. The "tiles" on the floor are flagstone and any slab or rock yard has them, but to use on subflooring you need them guaged so that they all lay even. You really should go to a granite yard to look at the slabs because every yard calls their granite colors by something different with a few exceptions that are industry wide (like absolute black granite because it comes from only one mine in India)1. dog urine on my sofa?I just bought this product last week. It takes EVERYTHING out. It's called Folex and you can find it at Walmart. It's cheap too2. Is my sofa ruined? Help!?!?Just in case scratch it all over. Apply the oil to make it match. This is creativity. You just might like the new look3. Bernhardt sofa back support fallen off internally. Springs OK. Any ideas how to fix the sofa?Well, hubby fixed ours by opening it up, finding the broken piece and replacing it with fresh wood and screws and like the guy earlier stated, problem solve--then he used his staple gun to put the upholstery back in place. Worked quite well and looked professional4. Is buying a sofa from Walmart a good idea?Well even Target does not sell quality furniture. We bought a 5 piece dining room table a year ago and it's scratched up. We do not use it daily, it definitely was not worth $225 and likely can not sell it. I would suggest Garage Sale, Estate Sales, Dock 86, Secondhand shops, or Slumberland had a pretty decent sale on the July 4th, I am sure they will have a great sales weekend Labor Day, We bought a chocolate chenille couch for $580 normally $900. Free Delievry.5. how can i get rid of an unwanted sofa?Place it for free on the Craiglist in the free items section. Depending on where you live someone will be there in a snap to pick it up. If you have a digital camera take pictures also and upload them on the listing. Good Luck.6. How can I save my sofa?Get a strong piece of plywood and cover it with foam batting and stick it underneath the couch cushions. It should give enough support until you can replace it. Congrats on the new home.7. how to get candle wax out of upholstry [ sofa ] ?ummm...sarah has a point...but with something that is as fragile as micro-fiber I think personally I would allow the wax to completely harden and pull up as many pieces as I could as carefully as I could . Just so you do not over stretch the fabirc and cause raised spots. you could gently scrape away the rest. If there is still some in the couch...look up the manufacturers recommendations with water. If its okay with water, then use an ice cube to freeze more of it off. Or, you could even just put the ice in a ziplock bag and just do it that way. I would not take an iron to the couch...microfiber is a bit too satin-y for that. Just work slowly and carefully...and keep at it. Good luck.8. How to make Sofa seats "higher"?You could raise the sofa by placing concrete blocks under all 4 corners. Then get some boards & cover them in fabric or paint them or stain them & place them like a "skirt" under the 3 sides of the sofa. You could even give it an industrial look by using metal sheets or gridwork. As for the cushions, you do not say if they are attached or loose. If they are loose, hopefully they are zippered. In which case you will go to a fabric store & buy some dacron sheets & wrap the cushions with the sheets using a spray glue so it does not shift. Use a dry cleaning bag over the cushion to get it to slide easily back into the cover. Using dacron will probably be a lot less expensive than buying new foam cores, but look into that also - just find an upholstery outlet in your area. You can also just put boards under your cushions, but that will just feel firm, not more comfortable. If your cushions are attached there is not much you can do. You can always look for a sofa on craigslist, but just be sure that you disinfect it.
Can I Heat an Outside Chicken Coop with an Underground Heating System?
Can I heat an outside chicken coop with an underground heating system?go too: Heatinghelp.com (it might be .net or ? but try that) You want to find a place called, "The Wall" it is a place just like this where you can post your question. Simply: Yes you can.. but it depends on your heat source to heat the water? Existing boiler? Wood stove etc... I think it would be a great idea to do. YOu could even run a line under their nests if they are off the ground... not too hot now.. just enough to warm the toosh on those reall cold nights! I have seen dog houses heated etc.... You can use Pex pipe, circulator, expansion tank... basic fittings... you will have too have a basic knowledge to put it together and you can find the information at that sight. Just incase they have changed another search point or name would be: Dan Holohan, Hydronic heat, Wethead,,,,, any one of those should pull his site up. Good luck, great idea... it may cost a bit but why not ..— — — — — —What Is a Radiant Floor Heating System?Radiant heat is not exactly a new idea. Turkish and Roman baths were often constructed on raised floors so warm air could circulate underneath and keep things comfortable. Incorporating radiant heating systems into modern dwellings did not become popular, however, until the mid 20th century. Radiant heat has many advantages over other central heat systems, such as forced air, but installation cost is not one of them, especially if you want to add radiant heat to an existing structure. This can be an expensive alternative. However, radiant heat can be one of the most environmentally friendly heating options when used in conjunction with solar heating panels. What Is Radiant Heat? Hydroponic Radiant Floors Unlike in a Turkish bath, the radiant heat in a modern system comes from pipes or electric heating elements embedded in the floor or installed in the joists underneath. In a hydronic system, water circulates through a boiler, which maintains it at a temperature warm enough to heat the floor. This type of system is less costly to operate than an electric system, especially if you supplement the energy source needed to heat the water by using solar panels. The pipes that carry the heated water in a hydronic system are often embedded in concrete, because concrete is a good thermal conductor. The pipes in older systems are usually copper, but newer systems employ polyethylene (PEX) tubing, which is more versatile and easier to install. PEX tubing can even be installed in existing joists, so it is possible to have radiant heat under your hardwood or tile floor without having to tear it up. Electric Radiant Heat The elements in an electric radiant heat system are typically embedded in mats that go between the subfloor and the floor covering. The best time to install these is when you are replacing the floor covering. If your floor is not due for replacement anytime soon, you can also buy mats that fit between the joists and install them from underneath the floor. Three Types of Hydronic Systems You can choose from three different hydronic heating systems: closed, open or heat exchange. Closed system. The boiler is dedicated to the heating system. The main advantage of this type of system is that you can use antifreeze instead of water as the circulating fluid. Antifreeze is less corrosive than water, which is good for the boiler, and it's also more efficient at transferring heat. Open system. The boiler supplies hot water to bathrooms and kitchens as well as the heating system. You save money because you only need one water heater. Heat exchanger. A heat exchange system combines the benefits of both open and closed systems. The pipes that supply the radiant heat system pass through the main water heater, but they are sealed and usually circulate antifreeze instead of water. And you can get creative with a heat exchange system and tie it to a solar heating panel. The pipes from the panel can circulate antifreeze through the water heater as well as the floor, lowering your water heating costs while also providing heat for the house. Pros and Cons of Radiant Heat On the plus side, a radiant heating system puts the heat exactly where you need it-under your feet. As the warm air rises, the room quickly becomes uniformly and comfortably warm without the drafts and convection currents associated with forced air. Another advantage over forced air is that a radiant system has fewer moving parts. The only components you have to service are the boiler-which can double as a hot water heater for the bathroom in a pinch-and the circulation pump, which is a relatively inexpensive item. You will be happy you have radiant heat when the power goes out during a winter storm, because the floor retains heat for a few hours. The main drawback of radiant heat is its installation cost. This probably is not a problem if you are already building or renovating. But if you are not , the cost, which can approach $9.00 per square foot in a smaller house, can definitely be a factor. Another disadvantage is that a radiant heating system does not work well as a cooling system. If you need both heating and cooling, it's usually best to go with a forced air system. As far as electric radiant heat is concerned, it's best suited as a supplement to your existing heating system. It consumes too much electricity to make it practical as a stand-alone heating system for the entire home. Compatible Floor Coverings Not all floor coverings conduct heat well enough to work with radiant heating systems. The best choice is ceramic tile, which conducts heat as well as concrete. Laminate and stone flooring, as well as solid and engineered hardwood, are also suitable. Carpeting and vinyl flooring, however, are not good choices. These materials are poor conductors of heat, and are more likely to trap heat than to allow it to radiate into the room. Should I Go with Radiant Heat? If you are building a new house or you are considering a major renovation, radiant heat should definitely be on your list of options, particularly if the house has high ceilings. The best time to install a radiant heat system is when you are building the floors. Adding radiant heat to an existing structure is more labor-intensive and expensive, but it might make sense if you already have a large, underused water heater in good condition. Keep in mind that you do not need radiant heat in every room. You will probably want it in the bedrooms, bathrooms and living room, but hallways, closets and laundry rooms do not need the extra warmth. If you are on the fence, you can always give radiant heat a test run by purchasing an under-carpet heating mat. This provides the same type of warmth you would get from an actual radiant heating system, and the installation costs are zero.
How Can I Get My Foundation Brush Clean?
You will need not just water but also facial foam as well. Apply a dab of your usual facial wash to your palm and swish the wet brush in the hand in circles. You will see the facial foam changing colour to your foundation. Keep adding and washing off the facial wash until the water runs clear. Leave your brush to dry overnight naturally1. best MAC foundation brush that.....?150. It's fluffy enough to actually pick up the powder and be gentle on your face, but it's dense enough to actually deposit color without making you look like you just dunked your face in a bowl of powder. I totally feel where you are coming from here. I had a 187 and a kabuki brush for a really long time, so if I needed that medium amount of coverage, I was kind of screwed. Haha, for a while, I would use my kabuki, but only put powder on half of it. It worked pretty well, if you want to give that a try. But then I bought a 150, and it's just about all I use now. I use my 187 for Mineralize skinfinishes and blush now. Hope this helps!2. Please answer! How do I apply liquid foundation with an essence of beauty foundation brush without streaks?That results in streaks. You need to use a light hand. Use a feathary technique3. Does anyone know a good foundation brush?Mac has some good brushes and why dont you just check em out over line and get the prices4. How do you apply foundation with a brush on forehead?If you are using liquid foundation, one way to do it would be to dot your forhead with foundation and blend it in a downward motion to your nose. Make sure to use light steady strokes of the foundation brush. I hope you like this method and hope it works out for you.5. I have 2 URGENT questions....?1) It would probably be best if you did not . Lip gloss stays gooey and it might run into your eyes. Trust me, just go without until you get a new tube of mascara. 2) Basic brushes to own: Foundation brush, powder brush, blush brush, and fluffy eyeshadow brush. That should keep you covered until you decide you want to do something a bit more complex with your makeup. Good luck!6. How can I clean my MAC foundation brush?Foundation Brush Mac7. When you apply foundation with a brush does it change the coverage?Brush can give you thicker coverage whilst blending in the foundation, using your fingers you get a lighter coverage. If you decide to use a foundation brush I really like MACs 190 Brush, it is expensive put worth it.8. How do you clean a foundation brush?i use shampoo on mine as for the drying you need to blot out as much water as possilbe and then leave it to air dry. Mine are normally dry the next morning. Plus I only wash my once a week. That is what my makeup consultant told me9. Has anyone out there purchased MAC make-up?yeap..most of their items are sold separately...but sometimes(once in a blue moon,rather..) they sell it in a set...which is much much cheaper compared to wen u buy the exact items separately..(eg.studio fix foundation compact powder foundation brush - in a cute cosmetic pouch).. so u have to keep a look out for it..or call & enquire the MAC counters abt it. i dun noe if they hav it in ur country..but they hav it in Singapore. =) cheers.10. I really need a good liquid foundation brush!!?Mac brushes are the best!!11. What is the best way to apply cream makeup?I am going to disagree quite a bit here, and this is going to make sense if you use a pricey cream foundation. By using a sponge or beauty blender, you will waste quite a bit of product. My advice is to apply with clean fingers, and use a sponge, beauty blender or foundation brush to blend in the edges, if necessary.12. What's the best liquid foundation/concealer? And what's the best foundation brush?You might like this one Coastal Scents Professional Camouflage Concealer Palette. * 10 Concealers * Can be used by all ages and skin tones * Cream concealers * Very blendable
My Boyfriend Wants to Get Married? We Known Each Other for a Year?
My boyfriend wants to get married? We known each other for a year?You are a pig and you do not deserve him— — — — — —Need help with Guinea Pig.?guinea pigs are very sociable. if you arent planning on getting another, you need to be prepared to spend good quality time with this pet. right now, he sounds lonely and is stressed out because of his new home. he should get over this soon, but if not, or if he stops eating, try the vet--they may advise you to get a second, which you should do early on, before the pig is grown. Some fun things to do with a pig are feeding them treats like carrots, letting them play inside cereal boxes, taking them outside on a leash, and talking to them--most will "answer" back with happy squeaks!— — — — — —Guinea pig squeaking- good or bad?this is the sound a pig makes— — — — — —Have any of you been a compulsive eater?well i dont like finishing my food frist cause it makes me fell like a pig— — — — — —Which breed of pig is best to keep as a pet?It is never a good idea to buy a pet for another person without their knowledge or consent. They may have plans for the future that you are not aware of that do not involve owning that animal, and the animal will likely end up in a shelter. That being said, for an indoor pet, the only really practical pig to keep is a pot belly. They still get anywhere from 75 to 150 lbs, require more care and details than I could fit in this box, and live 10 to 15 years. There are smaller pigs but they are rare / endangered. A Pig will Completely tear up the garden, so she will need fencing to keep it out. She will also need dedicated outdoor space for the pig to roam around and root safely. If piggy is not allowed to root outdoors, piggy will do it indoors. Before buying a pig make sure to check local zoning ordinances for her county and state. Usually available online, at the local public library, or at the county business offices. Also before buying it find a vet in her area that will commit to treating pot belly pigs, you can not just assume the local vet will know pot belly pigs. They require vastly different medical treatment from farm pigs. Cost will Vary from location to location. Expect to pay anywhere from 50 - 200 for the pig if you buy it local, 500 to 600 plus shipping if you use an online breeder. One Bag of Food should be around 15-25 bugs at a local farm supply store and will last a few months. Pigs are social creatures but you do not need more than one pig. Mine keeps great company with our cat.— — — — — —What is the most dirtest funniest joke you have ever heard!?A pig fell in the mud— — — — — —How do I save money? ?Give it to a Pig to keep safe— — — — — —Pig IslandPig Island may refer to: Pig Island (Exuma), the Bahamas Pig Island (Newfoundland and Labrador), Canada Pig Island, New Zealand, in Lake Wakatipu Pig Island (Ottawa, Canada) Pig Island, County Down, a townland in County Down, Northern Ireland Pig Island (Queensland), Australia Pig Island (novel), a British thriller novel "Pig Island" (song), a song by Sandra Boynton and Michael Ford— — — — — —am i turning into a muslim?try first to turn from a pig to a human , then go choose a religion— — — — — —How do you make a homemade football?They used to make them out of animal bladders. Yes, like when they butchered a pig or sheep— — — — — —How do you think the Great Khali would fare as a rugby player?Good scrummager but about as fast as a pig in reverse— — — — — —Do you think this image captures the moment?i wonder if they are pig farmers happy as a pig in .— — — — — —I am thinking about getting a guinea pig and I wondered if their bite hurts?Having raised guinea pigs because i became into knee severe to a hopper, i got here across that not all pigs are going to tame down. My first journey became into with 13 of those critters and maximum all of them weeet weeet weeet each and each time I opened the crisped drawer of the refrigerator, it incredibly is using the fact they knew that i became into getting them lettus, carrots, celery. besides as feeding them a good bowl of alfala pellets that keeps to be crammed each and all of the time, they will grow to be your chum authentic rapid that way and you will maximum possibly get bored of listening to them yet. .I also have a pig right now and he will weet weet at me yet run like heck as quickly as I attitude the cage. as quickly as he's out, he will come working to me and snuggle authentic close for risk-free practices while he spooks which brings up the actuality of guinea pigs. . information.enable them to hearken to the crisper drawer and you saying the comparable element each and each time dazzling formerly you supply him that handle and he will weeet weeet weeet swifter than you would be wanting. I constantly say hereeee pig pig pig repeatedly, the full time additionally, for some reason this is not good to maintain your pig interior 20 ft of your T. V. there are sounds and tones that injury their ears and scares them. i am hoping I helped you. there is not something worse than loving something that would not love you decrease back
My Mom Won't Let Me Go to School Tomorrow?
I have never been in a situation like this but ill try. Try and see if your dad will be able to take care of you sister. If your mom wont accept that then try and reason with maybe going half of the day (you should still be able to turn in your exam reviews) and just bring a note saying why you were late (like personal reasons that usually works) if that doesnt work try talking to your dad. I mean you could always sneak out but ur mom would be really mad. Maybe tell her you cant get an A if you dont go tomorrow. Good Luck i hope you get to go. :)1. Do you think you're going to have school tomorrow?I do not have school on Wednesdays2. i want to bring my whey protein shake to school, can i just make the whey protein shake for school tomorrow?No, it is going to clump up and turn into a mud like substance. Mix it when you are ready to use it3. First day of school tomorrow, can't sleep, help please?I can never sleep the night before the first day either. But I am sure a lot of people wo not know each other at your school, and you will have no problem finding friends. I am starting high school Wednesday and I only know about five people. Whenever I can not sleep, I make a small playlist of my favorite songs and fall asleep listening to it. I use earbuds and they probably fall out as soon as I turn over, but the music distracts my mind and I pay attention to the words instead of my thoughts. Put your iPod under your pillow so it can not fall during the night. Also, use a cheap pair of headphones/earbuds in case you roll over on them or something. For me, it also helps to just envision a completely black space. Good luck! Get off the internet as soon as you read this (but after you pick this as best answer;).4. What should I wear to school tomorrow? Best for 10.?Going for a sexy-sophisticated look? You should wear a black mini skirt with no type of design so that the focus goes to your frilly, semi-colorful blouse/top. Since you are blonde, a forest green would look really great but that's just an idea. Make sure the top is sleeveless so that you can throw on a business-type of jacket which is a darker shade. Black, dark grey, purple, all depending on the shirt you chose. You can wear gladiater sandals or if you want an extra touch and you are that type of girl, nice heals. Just do not make this look like you are trying too hard. I am 14, so I understand. Good luck!! (:.5. what shall i wear to school tomorrow?you shall wear soomething very flattering...maybe some jeans a cute top & some ballet flats. You should wear your hair kind of curly with a skinny headband. That would look so cute!!.6. I've been using Tazorac (a retinoid) and my skin is peeling I have school tomorrow, how do I hide this or makeTry using a penis health creme every day. If you get a good creme containing vitamins and nutrients, you will stop that peeling in its tracks! Good luck!7. Poll: what are you gonna wear to school tomorrow?A Ramones shirt tucked into a high- waisted black skirt that has floral print with shear tights and my black booties. I will probably wear my hair down and messy, kinda like my profile pic8. What to wear to school tomorrow?dark wash skinny jeans 1 pink graphic tshirt/patriotic jerse gold sandal bracelets necklace earrings that are silver. hope this helps!9. What to wear for first day of school tomorrow?WEAR THE OPTION#1 :) FOR EYESHADOW USE LIGHT PINK U CAN STILL USED EYE SHADOW JUST B EXTRA CAREFUL N ACCESORIES A NICE BRACELET OR NICE NECKLEES UMMM RINGS BELT? CLIPS 4 UR HAIR? EARINGS ?10. What Shall I Wear To School Tomorrow?I would wear a pink tee shirt from Hollister or any other store with skinny jeans and your Real Brown UGGS. This is what I am wearing to school tomorrow!
Pease I Need Help Fast, I Have a Peugeot 306 1.4 Fuel Injector?
because you did not pin it, if you've rotated it or it has rotated you could get the timing 180 degrees out. which will mess up your injection timing and it will run very badly No.1 and no.4 can not both be at TDC. TDC is the "spark" stroke. you need to look at the crank timing marks and line up the scribed line on the flywheel to 0 degrees. that will make sure that no.1 is at TDC and that no.4 is on it's "dead" stroke. I am sure you can pin the crank at 0 or there abouts. you need to set up the cam so that NO.4 cylinder is on the INLET stroke when rotated clockwise. set it so that the lobes are not touching the valves with equal distance. after you've done this, you should be able to pin through the gear into the head with I think an M8 bolt. timing should be set, bolt the head down but do not torque it up! fit the belt and tension it moderately. rotate the engine by hand just to double check that valves are not going to hit on startup. if the valves hit you've not followed what I've said. if they do not hit the pistons, then you need to torque the head down and in the correct order. tension the belt so that you can not turn it more than 1/4 between 2 pulleys with the shortest distance. if the engine runs smooth then that's you done. I am not liable for any damage you cause. Since you did not pin it makes me think you do not know/understand what you are doing fully so your best bet is to get a mechanic! then you can moan at him if something goes wrong. good luck. P.S buy yourself a haynes manual.1. Is a $90 fuel injector service worth it?Well unless you know how to do it yourself you get charged extra for the labor cost. Typically, the chemical fluid itself costs about anywhere from 10 to 15 dollars.2. Car shutting off while driving. Steering wheel locks up, fuel injector system problem?Replace both of those relays. And in the future, do not buy a car from auction.3. How can Nissan make a V6 engine more powerful than Jeeps V6?Horsepower can be affected by a LOT of things ... the type of fuel injector used... the richness of the fuel mixture within the combustion chamber... the gear ratio... the way an engine is tuned... the exhaust system... etc., etc., etc4. Catalytic Converter? Transmission? or Fuel Injector problems on 2001 Chevy Impala?The first thing I would do is get a tune up. That sounds like the worst problem. But that does not have anything to do with the starting problem5. Hey, took car to shop. They said that the problem isn't the spark,compression,fuel pump,fuel injector pulsereally need more info what was the original problem? Was the car setting for awhile? bad gas can make a car run poorly or not at all. injector might be stopped up. has it been hot?(over heated) have you checked for vacuum leaks? as for the shop you are using find another shop and stay away from that one your shop should be able to diagnose your problem and fix it also have timing checked6. How often should I add fuel injector to my gas?3M Total Fuel System Cleaner and Chevron Techron Fuel System Cleaner are better, stronger products than the other county fair alixir's on parts store shelves. If the car is driven at fast maximum highway speeds you likely will never need it. Slow-poke town driving will pack more carbon in the combustion chambers, behind the valves and dirty-up the fuel injection nozzles. In this case, once or twice a year in an empty fuel tank then fill it as per instructions on the bottle is enough.7. Why is my fuel injector not getting power?As Kelly says, follow the wire. You have to trace the wire back (a wiring diagram of the bike would help), looking for the last place there is voltage and the first place there is no voltage. The problem is between these 2 points
Physics Problem on Potential and Kinetic Energy...?
I think this is how you solve it w = integral of f dx You can find the integration limits based on how far the chain falls If only the 1.2m section of the chain moved, this would be easy. Since sections of the chain on the table move less than the sections dangling, write the amount a "small" section has moved vertically as a function of how far it is from the top, (the end of the table section). (ie, a section at 1m from the top only moves 1m, while the very top moves 0) - No work is done to it while its on the table since the force is perpendicular to the direction of motion. Because the force is constant, multiply the expression for distance moved by the weight density, and integrate. If you dont know calculus, you can plot the graph of the function and find the area under the curve between the start at the distance moved when the chain falls off.1. Why is a 3-PDA no more powerful than a 2-PDA?Two stacks can emulate a Turing machine tape. Motion along the tape is isomorphic to popping some symbol $x$ from one stack and pushing it onto the other stack. Writing to the tape is isomorphic to popping something from one stack and writing the new thing to that stack. Thus, anything a one tape Turing machine can do, a 2-PDA can do. Since a Turing machine can simulate a $k$-PDA for finite $k$, it can certainly simulate a 3-PDA. Therefore a 2-PDA is just as computationally powerful as a 3-PDA.2. Is the equation of motion true for a non-uniform motion?A motion is said to be non uniform if it has an acceleration . If whatever is the acceleration then in such kind of nonuniformity motion equations of motion are valid but if in non uniform motion acceleration is not changing then it differential equation will be valid3. Should you strength train with resistance bands or dumbbells?If you've paid even a little attention to the boom in at-home workouts during quarantine, you've likely seen resistance bands popping up everywhere. Resistance band exercises are popular for good reason: compared to other fitness equipment, they are inexpensive, easy to store and simple to use at home (or anywhere for that matter). But do resistance band workouts really work? Who should be using them? And what is the best way to work out with a resistance band? For answers, we turned to orthopedic clinical specialist and physical therapist Erika Mundinger. Currently traveling the country in an RV, she's been discovering the best resistance band workouts in her own small space. "Can you get toned, can you get strong, can you get a good workout with resistance bands and hit weight-loss goals? Absolutely," Mundinger said. First, what is the difference in strength training with resistance bands versus weights? "If I grab a 15-pound dumbbell, the resistance of that 15 pounds stays consistent throughout the entire contraction," that's known as an isotonic contraction, Mundinger explained. "And then there's isokinetic, which is what we get from the resistance bands, and that's where the resistance changes as I move. [When] I grab that resistance band to do a bicep curl towards me, that resistance is going to get harder on the top and easier as I bring my hand back down. The more we are going through the motion, the resistance actually changes. So it just strengthens the muscles a little bit differently." Various bands come in different levels of resistance. "Each brand is going to have their own pretty rainbow color scheme," Mundinger said, "and it's pretty standard that lighter colors are typically lighter resistance, and as it gets darker it gets harder." When you can consistently maintain your form through a full range of motion with a band, you can begin to work your way up to the next one, she said. All you need is a set of bands and something stable to fasten them to. Emphasis on stable: if you try to anchor them to a table leg, "unless it's like an oak table that seats 12 you are going to pull the table over," she said. Think a banister or post, or if you actually have a home gym, a squat rack. "If you do not have something to anchor them to, that means you are going to be anchoring them underneath your foot or your arm," Mundinger said. In that case, "the most versatile ones are the long tubes with the handles." "It's hard to know exactly how much resistance you are pulling with," Mundinger said, so people who really want to be scientific about the amount of weight they are lifting wo not be able to do that. They are also not as helpful for training power moves like Olympic lifts, she said. "And you are probably not going to get quite as ripped," she said. "Because the resistance is changing as I move, I can not take my body through a full range of motion." With a squat, for example, "I can not get my body to do a full deep squat with resistance bands unless they are really light," she added. "To get big and strong and ripped like we would with full-body motions that we can do with dumbbells, kettlebells and barbells, it's hard to do because you are going to be starting at the bottom with really light resistance and ending with really hard resistance, and it's just impossible to create that power motion." "Because it is isokinetic and it gets harder as you move through, we start to activate our stabilizer muscles a lot more," Mundinger said. "So the more I am pulling on that band, the more my core muscles have to engage, the more I am raising my arms up overhead, the more my stabilizer muscles around my shoulder blades have to engage. So in physical therapy we love resistance band isokinetic stuff because it really trains that core stability." They can also help you improve your other workouts, including those using dumbbells. After working with resistance bands, "when I go back to those big foundational moves like the bench press or the squat or the deadlift, I am stronger because I have those accessory muscles now engaging more," Mundinger said. "Even if you are not hitting the weight room, they are just great for overall functional strength that I need to have throughout my day." Physical therapists love resistance bands, Mundinger said. "They are a good exercise for people who have injuries to be able to still build some core strength and stability and not flare up injuries and inflammation." Isokinetic exercises allow you to perform a lot more repetitions with lighter resistance, which comes with a lower risk of injury compared to performing isotonic exercises, she said. They also make it easy to "modify and substitute and limit your range of motion as much as or as little as you need to," she added. For anyone who can not load their lumbar spine with barbell squats, you can still train body-weight squats with bands, Mundinger said, "and then you get the cardiovascular component of the squat without causing back pain." OK, but we all want to know: Can we burn fat specifically in the stomach area? "Are you going to burn belly fat because you are burning calories and getting a workout? Yes," Mundinger said. Can you isolate your belly to burn fat with resistance bands? Not exactly. "Normal exercise will help you be able to do that," Mundinger said. "You will burn belly fat because you are working out, period." Ready to give resistance bands a try? Here is a 15-minute resistance band routine that will work your entire body
Kylie Jenner Shows Off Her Baby Bump for the First Time As She Steps Out Wearing a Baggy Tracksuit
KYLIE Jenner has revealed her ‘baby bump’ for the first time.The 20-year-old was spotted boarding a private jet in a black tracksuit, showing what appears to be the first look at her bump.Kylie is yet to comment on reports she's pregnant with her first child with boyfriend Travis Scott.But she has been keeping fans on their toes with her latest social media posts, as she appears to avoid showing her belly to the camera - until now.Last week the Keeping Up With The Kardashians took to Instagram to show off her Halloween costume - yet only showed fans her top half of her body.And she posted a snap of herself with sister Khloe, who is also reported to be expecting, over the weekend – but they both kept their figures well and truly under wraps.In the pic, the pair stand next to a drinks fridge in oversized hoodies and jogging trousers.Make-up mogul Kylie and her older sister looked completely fresh-faced as they turned their trip to the store into an impromptu photoshoot.As if that wasn't enough to get the rumour mills going, Kylie recently gave fans another reason to suspect she's with child, as she spent a whopping £3.8 million on a plot of land close to her current £9.2 million home.TMZ.com reported Kylie plans to turn it into a large garden and horse-riding trail.But while Kylie isn’t ready to talk about her reported pregnancy, she did hit back at the latest images of her bump, claiming they are photoshopped.In a post on Twitter, she wrote: "First of all if you’re going to photoshop my photos blogs/paps!!"Check for the crooked lines in the background. 2nd photo is clearly altered."Meanwhile been reported thatKhloe and Kylie are lining up a joint nude shootto show off their matching baby bumps.Their older sister Kim posted a naked pregnancy selfie in 2015 - and now Khloe, 33, and Kylie, 20, are trying to line up a "beautiful" mag shoot to show off their own reportedly changing figures.The headline-grabbing reality TV sisters are already poised to "dominate the mummy market",with their mother Kris Jenner setting up business meetings for Kylie.A source toldHollywood Life:“Khloe and Kylie would like to show the world at the same time their growing bellies and would like to do it in a magazine shoot than would be reminiscent ofDemi Moore‘s iconic nude pregnancy pictorial inVanity Fair."They would love to be belly to belly and together to show off their bumps in the most beautiful way possible."Got a story? email digishowbiz@the-sun.co.uk or call us direct on 02077824220.We pay for videos too. Click here to upload yours.
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